OCD is a psychological illness that is characterized by:
- recurrent, unwanted, anxiety-provoking thoughts, images, or impulses (e.g., obsessions about dirt or germs, harming someone against your will, order, symmetry or exactness, religion, numbers, and sex)
- repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety (e.g., compulsive washing, checking, reassurance seeking, praying, counting, and avoidance of things that trigger obsessions)
BDD is a psychological illness that is characterized by:
- excessive concern about a perceived flaw in physical appearance (e.g., hair, skin, facial features, muscularity)
- time-consuming rituals aimed at improving appearance or reducing distress (e.g., mirror checking, comparing one’s appearance to that of others, camouflaging one’s appearance, receiving cosmetic procedures)
- severe distress and/or anxiety that can impair social and/or occupational functioning
BDD by Proxy is a psychological illness that is characterized by:
- severe preoccupation with another person’s appearance. This person of concern may be a family member (e.g., spouse, child, parent, or sibling), partner, friend, or stranger.
- in some instances, individuals may be concerned with more than one person’s appearance. Concerns may include, but are not limited to, a daughter’s “crooked” nose, a father’s “short stature”, or a fiance’s “thinning hair”.
- decreased quality of life marked by impaired interpersonal relationships (e.g., avoidance of the PoC or fear of termination of the relationship with the PoC), shame, and distress associated with the obsessive beliefs.
Tic disorders, such as Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder, are neurological illnesses characterized by:
- sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, involuntary movements or sounds (e.g., eye blinking, facial grimacing, head jerking, sniffing, saying certain words or phrases)
Although tic disorders are neurological conditions, psychological interventions have proven to be effective in managing symptoms.
Hoarding disorder is a psychological illness characterized by:
- the acquisition of (and failure to discard) possessions in excess of social norms
- the possession of items that can be, but are not always, unsanitary, worthless, or hazardous.
- significant distress and/or impairment in daily functioning
ORS is a psychological illness characterized by:
- excessive concern that one’s own body odor is foul or unpleasant (e.g., bad breath, body or genital odor)
- excessive grooming or bathing
- distress, embarrassment, shame, and avoidance
Trichotillomania is a psychological illness characterized by:
- recurrent pulling of own’s own hair (scalp, facial, pubic or other hair) resulting in significant hair loss or bald patches
- significant distress and/or impairment in functioning
Skin Picking Disorder is a psychological illness characterized by:
- recurrent picking of one’s own skin resulting in noticeable skin damage
- significant distress